Zamindar Court is a building in Empire: Total War.
The zamindar is an overseer of taxes. His word is more than law for the peasants: it can be life and death if he chooses to take all of their surplus crop and more.
The land-holding system of the zamindar (the word comes from the Persian for “landholder”) outwardly has much in common with feudal systems common in Europe and Japan. Land tenure is given to office holders and nobles. However, as an overseer of taxes a zamindar only holds his lands as long as he pays the stipulated revenue to the central government. He is, in effect, a tax farmer: his income and profit are dependent solely on his ability to tax his lands. He also carries out judicial and military duties for his tenured lands.
Historically, the zamindari system survived both the end of Muhgal rule and the British Raj. Tax farming allowed the European trading companies to take over as zamindars themselves (and make a profit), even before the Muhgal collapse, as they could pay governments for the right to collect taxes.
The Zamindar Court is the equivalent of the Governors Residence in European terms. The Zamindar Court is available to the Mughal Empire. It can recruit Zamindari Pikemen.